What is (SCO) shanghai cooperation organization UPSC?

What is (SCO) shanghai cooperation organization UPSC?

Strengthening mutual trust and neighborliness among the member states;

  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • It’s a Eurasian political, economic, and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security, and stability in the region.
  • It was created in 2001.
  • The SCO Charter was signed in 2002 and entered into force in 2003.
  • It is a statutory document which outlines the organization’s goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.

Members countries of SCO

There are 8 Member States:

  1. China
  2. India
  3. Kazakhstan
  4. Kyrgyzstan
  5. Russia
  6. Pakistan
  7. Tajikistan
  8. Uzbekistan

There are 4 Observer States interested in acceding to full membership:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Belarus
  3. Iran
  4. Mongolia

There are 6 Dialogue Partners:

  1. Armenia
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Cambodia
  4. Nepal
  5. Sri Lanka
  6. Turkey

SCO’s main goals are as follows:

promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology, and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security, and stability in the region; and moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.

Importance of SCO for India:           

  • SCO is Part of India’s stated policy of pursuing “multi-alignments”.
  • Indian perspective, the strategic and geographical space in which the SCO straddles is extremely important.
  • The challenges of terrorism, radicalism, and instability pose a grave threat to Indian sovereignty and integrity
  • India requested access to intelligence and information from SCO’s counter-terrorism body, the Tashkent- based Regional Anti-Terror Structure (RATS).
  • A stable Afghanistan to is in India’s interest, and RATS provides access to non-Pakistan-centred counter-terrorism information
  • With the landlocked states of Central Asia, and Uzbekistan even doubly landlocked, accessing these resources becomes difficult. In this regard, India has prioritized the construction of the International North-South Transport Joining SCO, it will help India to connect with South Asian states.
  • The Central Asian region is richly endowed with vital minerals and natural resources.
  • The major interest is in energy co-operation. But India will also have to deal with an assertive China, which will push its Belt and Road Initiative.
  • SCO membership will help India to be a major pan-Asian player, which is currently boxed in the South Asian Region.

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