Preamble An introductory statement in a constitution which states the
reasons and guiding values of the constitution.
The preamble basically gives idea of the following things/objects:
- Source of the Constitution
- Nature of Indian State
- Statement of its objectives
- Date of its adoption.
The Preamble of the Constitution reads like a poem on democracy. It contains the philosophy on which the entire Constitution has been built. It provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of
government, to find out whether it is good or bad. It is the soul of the Indian Constitution.
History of the Preamble to Indian Constitution
- The ideals behind the Preamble to India’s Constitution were laid down by Jawaharlal Nehru’s Objectives Resolution, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947.
- Although not enforceable in court, the Preamble states the objectives of the Constitution, and acts as an aid during the interpretation of Articles when language is found ambiguous.
Keywords in the “The preamble of the constitution of India”
WE, THE PEOPLE WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA OF INDIA.
The constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers.
People have the supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. No external power can dictate the government of India.
Wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society. The government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities.
Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. But there is no official religion. The government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect.
A form of government where people enjoy equal political rights, elect their rulers, and hold them accountable. The government is run according to some basic rules.
The head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position.
Citizens cannot be discriminated against on the grounds of caste, religion, and gender. Social inequalities have to be reduced. The government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups.
There are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they think, how they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action.
All are equal before the law. The traditional social inequalities have to be ended. The government should ensure equal opportunity for all.
All of us should behave as if we are members of the same family. No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior.
Kesavananda Bharati Case: In this case, for the first time, a bench of 13 judges was assembled to hear a writ petition. The Court held that:
- The Preamble of the Constitution will now be considered as part of the Constitution.
- The Preamble is not the supreme power or source of any restriction or prohibition but it plays an important role in the interpretation of statutes and provisions of the Constitution.
The term ‘Socialist’, ‘Secular’, and ‘Integrity’ were added to the preamble through 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
- ‘Socialist’ and ‘Secular’ were added between ‘Sovereign’ and ‘Democratic’.
- ‘Unity of the Nation’ was changed to ‘Unity and Integrity of the Nation’