What is the Ramsar convention and Montreux Record upsc

Ramsar site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance. The wetlands are protected under the strict guidelines of the Ramsar Convention on wetlands. It is an intergovernmental Treaty.

There are 41 Ramsar sites in India. These are wetlands deemed to be of “international importance” under the Ramsar Convention

Ramsar convention

Ramsar is a city in Iran. In 1971, an international treaty for the preservation /conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands was signed at Ramsar. The Convention’s mission is “the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.

  • It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.
  • Its aim is to develop and maintain an international network of wetlands which are important for the conservation of global biological diversity and for sustaining human life through the maintenance of their ecosystem components, processes, and benefits.
  • Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under the strict guidelines of the convention.
  • Known officially as ‘the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat’ (or, more recently, just ‘the Convention on Wetlands’), it came into force in 1975.

Montreux Record.

The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.

Keoladeo National Park and Loktak lake from India are included in the Montreux Record. Earlier Chilka Lake was part, but, it has been removed in 2002.

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