What is IAS full form and complete details about IAS Syllabus?

By | June 20, 2020

we will go through what is IAS full form and complete details about IAS – Syllabus? IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service. It is considered as most toughest exam in India.


UPSC – Civil Services Examination (CSE) IAS is one of the toughest exams in the world. Every year about 10-11 lakh aspirants register for the exam, 4.5-5 lakh of them appear for the Preliminary Exam – competing for final 1000-1200 odd vacancies.

Here is a complete list of subjects for UPSC exams as per the UPSC Syllabus. IAS Examination also called the Indian Administrative Services Examination, is one of the civil services, among others, and is considered the most robust and prestigious examinations conducted in India. Hence, to face this challenge that gives a chance to take in the most eminent designation offered by Indian Government a comprehensive look throughout the syllabus is essential, especially for those candidates who are going to appear for UPSC exams or IAS for the inaugural time.

The IAS Syllabus and other services like Income Tax and the IPS are the same, as it is studied as single exam and conducted by UPSC, which also sets the course of work.

. The CSE is very different from the school and college examinations that we are used to – CSE tests, not just the candidate’s knowledge, but also his/her character, aptitude, attitude, personality, and decision-making power. Not only this, but the sheer vastness of the syllabus even conspires to weaken one’s resolve and emotional state. But battling all this is not equally hard as it sounds. In the course of this email, you will find out how we will get your journey more comfortable by demystifying this examination.
IAS preparation is unique because once you start your training, you see that your first hurdle – How to start? – It is the biggest hurdle to cross. A definite plan – “What to Study” and “How to Study” and a Mentor who can tell you precisely where you are heading and provide you with the required funding in terms of study material and psychological help is of uttermost importance.
In this post, we will talk about – how to start with IAS Preparation, your study plan, and the content schedule. We advise that you get a printout of this email and refer to it from time to time.

Step 1: Understand the exam 
The CSE is conducted in 3 stages – Preliminary Exam, Main Exam, and Personality Test.
Preliminary Exam.

PaperSubjectsTotal MarksDuration
IGeneral Studies200 marks2 hours
IIAptitude Skills200 marks2 hours
ias full form and syllubus

The Preliminary Exam has two papers GS and CSAT.

  • GS paper has 100 MCQs of 2 marks each with (33% negative marking).
  • CSAT paper has 80 questions of 2.5 marks each (33% negative marking).
ias syllabus

What you must here is the fact that the second paper, i.e., CSAT, is a qualifying paper – meaning once you cross 33%, you have attained success in this composition. The actual exam would be paper 1, i.e., GS. The cutoff in the GS paper varies every year. Still, it remains between 50-60%, meaning someone sure of a score over 60% would most definitely cross the threshold and qualify the preliminary examination. The initial test is primarily a rejection test – i.e., Unfit candidates removed away. Every year, around 15000-17000 candidates clear the Preliminary level.

: IAS full form Preliminary Examination – CSAT Syllabus:

CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the first stage of a preliminary examination of UPSC. This examination is meant to measure the aptitude of examinees in solving the ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions.

The IAS prelims exam consists of two papers of objective type, each of 200 marks (total of 400 markers) and two hours in duration, and candidates must submit both the written document.

The preliminary exam is meant for screening the candidate and the marks obtained by a campaigner in the prelims who qualifies for the mains exam will not be-be occupied into account to find their final merit. 


● Current events of national and international importance.

● History of India and Indian National Movement.

● Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

● Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

●Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, and so on

● General issues of Environmental Ecology, biodiversity, and Climate Change – that does not require subject specialization General Science

    CSAT paper has questions for Reading Comprehension, Basic mathematics (Std. Xth level), Logical Reasoning, and Data Interpretation. Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

The main Exam   The Main Exam has 4 General Studies papers and 1 Essay paper apart from 2 articles on an Optional Subject of your choice from amongst a broken set of options. Each paper is of 250 marks. The focus of the Main Exam is different from the Preliminary Exam. The Main Exam focuses more on analytical ability, cognizance of, and views on important issues and decision making.

Phase 2 tests the candidate’s academic talent in depth and his/her ability to present understanding reasonably. The IAS mains examination is designed to analyze the overall intellectual quality and the knowledge of candidates rather than just determining their information and memory.

The UPSC mains exam consists of 9 papers, of which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each:

I. Any Indian Language

II. English

These two papers just need to qualify, which is compulsory, and marks obtained will not be considered or counted.

And the seven paper can be written in any of the languages cited as in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. Below given the remaining seven paper

Paper – I  Essay Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice250
Paper-IIGeneral Studies- I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)250
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies- II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250
Paper-IVGeneral Studies- III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)250
Paper-VGeneral Studies- IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) (Marks carried by General Studies was 4X250=1000)250
Paper-VI  Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper II250
ias full form

 Candidates may choose any one of the ‘Optional Subjects’ from the list of subjects given below:

  Optional Subjects Literature Language
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Arabic
Botany Bodo
Chemistry Dogri
Civil Engineering French
Commerce and Accountancy German
Economics Gujarati
Electrical Engineering Hindi
Geography Kannada
Geology Kashmiri
History Konkani
Law Maithili
Management Malayalam
Mathematics Manipuri
Mechanical Engineering Marathi
Medical ScienceNepali
Political Science and International Relations             Punjabi
Public AdministrationSanskrit
upsc full form

 b) Main Exam:

PapersTopicsTotal Marks
IOne Of The Indian Languages Chosen From The Prescribed List300
IV/V/VI/VIIGeneral Studies (250 Marks For Each Paper)1000
VIII & IXOptional Subject 1500
Total Marks For Written Examination1750
ias full form

Personality Test
The final stage is the Personality Test of 275 marks. The Personality Test assesses the candidate’s suitability and fitness for the Civil Services.  Out of the 15000-17000 students who qualify the Prelims, 3000-5500 candidates are called for the Personality Test. The combined marks of the Main Exam and the Personality Test determines a candidate’s rank.

Candidates who scored the minimum qualifying scores in the written portion of the UPSC Main Examination as may be made by the Commission at their discretion, enter the next and final stage that is the ‘personality test’ or ‘Interview’ round.

  • Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will move to the next and final phase called ‘Personality Test/Interview,’ who will be interviewed by a Board who will have candidates take up. The interview round is declared by a Board of competent and unbiased intended to assess social traits and his interest in current affairs and examine the personal aptness of the prospect for a vocation in public service.vice. More or less of the qualities evaluated during the personality test are mental alertness, clear and logical exposition, critical powers of assimilation, variety, and depth of interest, a balance of judgment, rational and moral integrity ability for social cohesion and leadership,
  • The interview is more of a purposive conversation projected to identify the mental qualities of the candidate.
  • The candidate in an interview in their preferred language as UPSC will arrange for the interpreters.

c) Interview Test:

The Interview test will be 275 marks.

The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.

 The Grand Total 2025 Marks

If you have any doubts or want to ask questions please comment on the comment section.

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