Economics full syllabus UPSC For 2021-2022.

By | February 4, 2021

Economics is one of the important Subjects in UPSC preparation. Every year around – 15-20 questions directly come from Macro and microeconomics. We have jolted down the Economics Detailed syllabus UPSC For 2021-2022. Read it carefully. And try to complete the syllabus as soon as possible.

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Economics Details syllabus UPSC For 2021-2022.

Planning

  • Planning
  • Meaning of Planning
  • Need for Planning in Economic Development
  • Imperative Vs. Indicative Vs.
  • Structural Planning
  • Objectives of Planning
  • Indian Planning History
  • Techniques of Indian Planning
  • Achievements & Failures of Indian Planning
  • Shortcomings of Planning in India
  • NITI Aayog Vs. Planning
  • Commission

Mobilisation of Resources

  • Mobilisation of Resources
  • Types of Resources – Financial, Human, Natural etc.
  • Need for Resource Mobilisation
  • Role of Savings & Investment
  • Government Resources – Tax & Non-Tax ( or Fiscal & MonetaryPolicy)
  • Banking Sector & NBFCs
  • Capital Market
  • External Sources – FDI, ODA etc.
  • Public Borrowing & Management of Public Debt
  • Challenges in Mobilising Resource for Development
  • Steps That Can Be Taken

Growth & Development

  • Meaning of Development & Growth
  • Difference between Development and Growth
  • Determinants of Growth & Development
  • Importance & Limitations of Economic Growth
  • Jobless Growth
  • Pro-Poor Growth
  • Balanced & Unbalanced Growth
  • Dimensions of Development
  • Measurement & Indicators of Development
  • Approaches to Development:
  • Market-Based Approach
  • Role of State and Planned Approach
  • Mixed Economy Approach
  • Challenges to Development & Growth

Employment

  • Nature – Rural vs. Urban, Formal Vs. Informal
  • Terms Related to Employment – Labour Force Participation Rate,
  • Employment Rate, Working Age Population, etc.
  • Sectoral Distribution of Employment
  • Quality of Employment
  • Causes of Lack of Employment
  • Restructuring of Workforce
  • Government Initiatives for
  • Generating Employment

Inclusive Growth & Issues Arising From It

  • What is Inclusive Growth?
  • Elements of Inclusive Growth
  • Need for Inclusive Growth Indicators of Inclusive Growth
  • Challenges in Achieving Inclusive Growth in India
  • 12 FYP & Inclusive Growth

Government Budgeting

  • Need for Government Budgeting
  • Components of the Government Budget
  • Revenue Account – Revenue Receipts &
  • Revenue Expenditure
  • Capital Account – Capital Receipts &
  • Capital Expenditure
  • Changes in Budgetary Process in 2017
  • Measures of Government Deficit
  • Revenue Deficit
  • Fiscal Deficit
  • Primary Deficit
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Deficit Reduction
  • FRBM Act
  • Other Types of Budgets – Outcome,
  • Zero-Based, etc

Land Reforms in India

  • Rationale for Land
  • Reforms
  • Components of Land
  • Reforms Impact of Land
  • Success of Land Reforms
  • Recent Initiatives – Land Leasing, Land Acquisition,
  • Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act, etc.

Effects of Liberalization on the Economy

  • Phase of Liberalisation
  • Impact on Different Sectors of the Economy

Changes In Industrial Policy & their Effects on Industrial Growth

  • Industrial Policy Before 1991
  • Industrial Policy After 1991
  • Phases of Industrial Growth
  • Linkage Between Economic Reforms and
  • Economic Outcomes
  • Weaknesses and Failures of
  • Industrial Policies
  • National Manufacturing Policy
  • SEZs
  • Make in India

Infrastructure

  • Energy
  • Ports
  • Roads
  • Airports
  • Railways

Investment.

  • Investment Models
  • Need for Investment
  • Sources of Investment
  • Types of Investment Models
  • Domestic Investment Models
  • Public Investment Model
  • Private Investment Model
  • Public-Private Participation Investment Model

Foreign Investment Models:

  • FDI FII, etc.
  • Sector Specific Investment
  • Models
  • Cluster-Based Investment Models

AGRICULTURE

  • Major Crops Cropping Patterns in Various
  • Parts of the Country
  • Importance of Cropping Pattern
  • Types of Cropping Pattern
  • Reasons Why Cropping Pattern Differ
  • Factors Influencing Cropping Pattern
  • Emerging Trends in Cropping Pattern
  • Long-Run Effects of Current
  • Trends in Cropping Pattern

Different Types of Irrigation & Irrigation Systems Storage

  • Modes of Irrigation
  • Sources of Irrigation
  • Choosing an Irrigation System
  • Problems Associated with Irrigation
  • Progress of Irrigation Under Five Year Plans
  • Environmental Effects of Irrigation
  • Need for Systemic Irrigation Reforms
  • Need for a National Water Policy

Transport & Marketing of Agricultural Produce & Issues & Related Constraints

  • Process of Agricultural Marketing – Marketing Channels, Functionaries, Costs, etc.
  • Role of FCI
  • Regulated Markets
  • Warehousing
  • Cooperative Marketing
  • Shortcomings of Current Agricultural Marketing Process
  • APMCs
  • National Agricultural Market (NAM)
  • Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO)
  • Contract Farming
  • Futures Trading in Agricultural Commodities

issues Related to Direct & Indirect Farm Subsidies & Minimum Support Prices

  • Agricultural Pricing Policy
  • Rationale for Subsidies
  • Types of Subsidies
  • Effectiveness, Extent & Problems of Subsidies
  • Clash with WTO Agreements

Public Distribution System Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping

  • Objectices/Significance
  • Functioning – Fair Price Shops, FCI, Ration Cards, Aadhar Linking, etc.
  • Shortcomings or Problems Associated with PDS
  • Need to Improve the Working of PDS
  • Measures to Improve the Loopholes & Lacunaes Associated with PDS
  • Steps Taken by Government in this Regard

Issues of Buffer Stocks & Food Security

  • Buffer Stock – Objectives & Norms in India
  • Impact of Government Procurement & Distribution
  • Need for Food Security
  • NFSM And other Food Security Related Government Initiatives

Food Processing & Related Industries in India

  • Scope & Potential in India
  • Significance
  • Location
  • Constraints and Challenges
  • Upstream & Downstream Requirements
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Government Policies and Initiatives – SAMPADA, 12th FYP, etc.

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