114th birth anniversary will be celebrated on 26th September 2021. Born as Bhaganwala on the 26th September 1907, Bhagat Singh grew up in a petty-bourgeois family of Sandhu Jats settled in the Jullundur Doab district of Punjab. He belonged to a generation that was to intervene between two decisive phases of the Indian national movement – the phase of the ‘Extremism’ of Lal-Bal-Pal and the Gandhian phase of nonviolent mass action.
Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family in 1907 in Lyallpur District, present-day Pakistan. Singh’s family members were involved in the freedom struggle and he was drawn towards the Indian independence movement from a very young age.
Initially, he supported Mahatma Gandhi and the Non-Cooperation Movement. However, when Gandhi withdrew the movement in the wake of the Chauri Chaura incident, Bhagat Singh turned to revolutionary nationalism.
Timeline of Bhagat Singh’s.
- Born in 1907 in Lyallpur district (now in Pakistan), Bhagat Singh grew up in a Sikh family deeply involved in political activities.
- He belonged to a generation that was to intervene between two decisive phases of the Indian national movement – the phase of the ‘Extremism’ of Lal-Bal-Pal and the Gandhian phase of nonviolent mass action.
- In 1923, Bhagat Singh joined the National College, Lahore which was founded and managed by Lala Lajpat Rai and Bhai Parmanand. The College was set up as an alternative to the institutions run by the Government, bringing to the field of education the idea of Swadeshi.
- In 1924 in Kanpur, he became a member of the Hindustan Republican Association, started by Sachindranath Sanyal a year earlier.
- In 1925, Bhagat Singh returned to Lahore and within the next year, he and his colleagues started a militant youth organization called the Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
- In 1928, he was associated with the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) along with Sukhdev, Chandrashekhar Azad, and others.
Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev also organized the Lahore Students Union for open, legal work among the students.
- Bhagat Singh was arrested and charged in the Saunders murder case, along with Rajguru, Sukhdev and others. This trial commenced in July 1929. In the Lahore prison where they were lodged, the young leaders started a hunger strike demanding better treatment as they were supposed to be political prisoners. They were met by many leaders including Jawaharlal Nehru, who expressed pain in seeing their distress. Bhagat Singh fasted for 116 days after which he ended it at the request of his father and Congress leaders.
- The trio was ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931 but the sentence was carried out a day earlier at the Lahore Jail. After the hanging, their mortal remains were cremated in secret.
It is said that Singh cried ‘Down with British imperialism’ as he was hanged.
3rd March is observed as ‘Martyrs’ Day’ or ‘Shaheed Diwas’ or ‘Sarvodaya Day’ in honor of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev.